1. Turn off those taps

A dripping tap is more than just an annoying sound; it can waste up to 15 gallons of water per day and add approximately $100 to your yearly water bill. To avoid wasting precious water, make sure you turn your taps off all the way. If a fully closed tap continues to leak, have it repaired or replaced. Investing in plumbing maintenance now will help you save money in the long run.

 2. Go for low-flow

Installing a low-flow showerhead is an easy way to significantly reduce water consumption. Even a 10 minute shower with a conventional showerhead can use up to 42 gallons of water. Low-flow showerheads are easy to install and use far less water. Go the extra mile and set a household shower time limit. The teenagers in the house may be less than impressed, but your reduced water bill will be worth the complaints.

 3. Expose hidden leaks

Not all water leaks can be spotted with the naked eye. Some leaks are hidden and require some detective work on the part of the homeowner to be found. To determine if your home has any hidden leaks, check your water meter before and after a specific period of time when no water has been used. If the meter has changed, there may be a leak lurking somewhere in your home.

 4. Don’t neglect your drains

Drains are often overlooked until they become clogged and no longer work effectively. To keep your drains in working order and avoid unwanted build-up, pour a cup of baking soda followed by a cup of vinegar down them on a monthly basis. In the bathroom, use strainers in the sink and bathtub drains to keep hair and soap out of your pipes. Avoid using harsh chemical drain cleaners as they are harmful to the environment and can damage your pipes.

 5. Listen to your toilet

If your toilet is making a gurgling noise, your home might be experiencing main drain problems. If the main drain was installed prior to 1980, there is a good chance it is made of clay and therefore easily penetrated by tree roots. A “gurgling toilet” and wet marks around floor drains are early indications that underground roots are growing and placing pressure on your pipes. Listen to your toilet and have an experienced plumber fix the problem before your pipes break and must be replaced.

 6. How to check your toilet for leaks

1) Remove the toilet tank lid. 2) Drop one dye tablet or 10 drops of food coloring into the tank. Dye tablets are often available for free through local water providers. 3) Put the lid back on. Do not flush. 4) Wait at least 10-15 minutes, and then look in the bowl. 5) Be sure and check the floor under the tank and around the toilet for evidence of a leak.

 7. Follow garbage disposal guidelines.

While garbage disposals might seem like indestructible incinerators, certain items can lead to their demise. Poultry skins, celery, fruit pits and bananas are not garbage disposal friendly – they can cause a build-up of debris which can lead to blockages and offensive odors. Also, bones should never be put in the garbage disposal as they can damage the sides of the grinding chamber.

 8. Keep fats and oil out of your drains

Too many people think it makes sense to pour hot cooking grease down a sink or toilet. After all, you can’t pour it in the garbage bag. But when that grease cools it solidifies and sticks to the insides of your pipes. Over time, it will build up and block the entire pipe. Rather than dumping grease into your plumbing system, pour it in a heat-resistant container, let it solidify, and then throw it in the garbage.

 9. Dental Floss

Yes you should floss, but no, you shouldn’t flush your floss. Today’s dental floss is shed-resistant and won’t break down. When dental floss enters the sewage system, it bonds with other waste and forms large clumps that block pipes.

10. Hair

For some, it’s common practice to flush discarded hair from hairbrushes or haircuts down the toilet, which is why there is an enormous market for anti-clog products. (And roommates who don’t leave hair clumps in the shower.) If you don’t want a backed up toilet, don’t flush hair.